View all case reports, use the search box below or scroll down to browse.

Browse by type of case

Use the links below if you are looking for cases on a specific issue.

Direct discrimination

Direct discrimination is less favourable treatment because of age. 

See all direct discrimination cases

Indirect discrimination

Indirect discrimination arises if neutral policies or criteria put a certain age group at a disadvantage.

See all indirect discrimination cases

Justification

Discrimination can only be justified if it is a proportionate means of achieving a legitimate aim.

See all justification cases

Retirement

Operating a retirement age can lead to litigation. These days, many employers do without.

See all retirement cases

Pay and benefits

Costs alone cannot justify discrimination. 

See all pay and benefits cases

REdundancy

Objective age-neutral criteria should be used in redundancy selection.

See all redundancy cases

Dismissal

Managing older workers is something that many employers can struggle with. 

See all dismissal cases

Harassment

Cases of age-based harassment are rare.

See all harassment cases

Pensions

What if someone is fired just before they were due to accrue large pension benefits?

See all pensions cases

Recruitment

Age limits in recruitment have been litigated often, mostly in European cases.

See all recruitment cases

Burden of proof

Employees must show facts which infer discrimination. Then the employer must show there wasn't any. 

See all burden of proof cases

Age, Ill health and disability

Generally, age is linked with deteriorating health. 

See all ill health and age cases


Browse by court

Use the links below if you are looking for cases heard at a certain level.

Employment Tribunal (ET)

This is where are employment cases begin. Cases at this level often contain colourful facts.

See all Employment Tribunal cases

EMPLOYMENT Appeal TRIBUNAL (EAT)

Appeals from the ET can be made to the EAT only on points of law or if the decision was perverse

See all EAT cases

Court of Appeal

The next level of appeal.

See all Court of Appeal cases

Supreme Court

The highest court in the UK. There have only been a few age discrimination cases to reach this level.

See all Supreme Court cases

European Court of Justice (ECJ)

Any UK court can make a reference to the ECJ on the interpretation of EU law. The ECJ will then make a ruling and the case will be returned back to the referring court. All UK courts must follow its decisions.

See all ECJ cases

High Court

Where UK law appears to be age discriminatory, a judicial review can be made to the High Court to challenge the law. The High Court can also make declarations as to whether age discrimination exists in a given situation.

See all High Court cases

PENSION OMBUDSMAN

The Pension Ombudsman investigates and decides on complaints about the way pension schemes are run.

See all Pension Ombudsman cases